As per US National Library of Medicine, approximately 10 – 20% people are experiencing acid reflux or heart burn at least once in a week. (1) Most of the people depend on antacids to get relief from acid reflux. But do you known that they actually worsen the problem?
Below, we have provided a detailed description of root cause and other factors that cause acid reflux. If you want to skip to home remedies for acid reflux then you can jump by clicking here. Or else, you can continue reading to know the culprit behind you suffering.
- 1 Real Facts and Root Cause of Acid Reflux
- 2 Reasons for the malfunctioning of LES?
- 3 Home Remedies for Treating Acid Reflux
- 4 Foods Beneficial for Treating Acid Reflux
- 5 Foods that Worsen or Trigger Acid Reflux
- 6 Supplements for Treating and Preventing Acid Reflux
- 7 Risk Factors and Causes of Acid Reflux Symptoms
- 8 Heartburn, Acid Reflux, and GERD: Are They Same?
- 9 Tips and Precaution for Acid Reflux
- 10 Complications of Acid Reflux
- 11 How Doctors cure acid reflux?
- 12 Medicines Prescribed by Doctors for Acid reflux
- 13 Conclusion
Real Facts and Root Cause of Acid Reflux
The theory proposed by antacid companies: acid reflux is caused by excess stomach acid and the antacids works on reducing the stomach acid to keep the problem at bay. But trust me, this isn’t the actual truth at all.
You don’t necessarily need to have more amounts of stomach acid to get an acid reflux. Any amount of stomach acid crawling into esophagus and lead to heartburn as it doesn’t have protective lining like stomach to protect it from the acid.
Now, you might be thinking – If antacids are not good then why do they provide relief from acid reflux?
Here’s the explanation: antacids provide temporary relief by neutralizing the acid amount in the stomach. But the truth is – Reflux of acid in esophagus is just a symptom of underlying problem.
Unfortunately antacids are not capable of addressing it, thus you get recurrent acid refluxes once you stop it. With regular usage of antacids, you will neutralize the stomach acid to an unpleasing level that leads to other problems like improper digestion, bloating and others.
The prevailing scientific study states that GERD or acid reflux is caused by malfunction in LES (lower esophageal valve) that connects stomach and esophagus. It usually opens when we consume food and closes once the food enters into stomach. But in the case of acid reflux it doesn’t close.
If LES doesn’t work properly, no matter of how less acid our stomach has, it will crawl into esophagus causing the problem.
Reasons for the malfunctioning of LES?
Malfunctioning of LES is caused due to intra-abdominal pressure. This pressure occurs when stomach contents including acid are pushed through LES into esophagus by the stomach gas. (2) Stomach gas can be caused due to many factors like obesity, spicy or fatty foods, bending or lying after eating and others.
However these are not main causes behind it that lead to intra-abdominal pressure. Intra-abdominal pressure is caused by – Bacterial Overgrowth and Maldigested Food.
Usually, our stomach acid kills the bacteria or pathogens. But when acid reduces, the pH of stomach becomes alkaline which creates a favorable environment for bacterial growth.
Due to less stomach acid, most of the carbohydrates don’t get properly digested. The increased bacteria ferment the undigested carbohydrates leading to production of gas which ultimately causes intra-abdominal pressure.
Now, it is clear that we can treat and prevent acid reflux by balancing the stomach acid and decreasing the carbohydrates in the diet. These two things can be achieved by improving the digestive health.
Home Remedies for Treating Acid Reflux
The below methods are effective in dealing with the root cause of acid reflux. You can try any one among them as per the ingredient availability and preference.
1. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains malic acids which help to balance the stomach acid levels and improve digestion. Its anti-microbial property deals with bacterial overgrowth. As it is made by fermenting apple, it contains beneficial probiotics or bacteria that help our digestive system stay healthy. (3)
- Add 1 – 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar into a glass of water.
- Stir well and consume it.
- Add honey or lemon juice for taste.
- Repeat the process before each meal.
Note: If you are trying apple cider vinegar for first time, then start with a small dosage of 1/2 teaspoon and gradually increase to the recommended dosage.
In some cases, ACV consumption can worsen acid reflux. If it is happening in your case, then avoid its consumption and try another remedy.
2. Slippery Elm
Slippery elm contains mucilage which is a starchy carbohydrate that swells up to form a slippery gel when mixed with water. This slippery elm coats the irritated mucous membranes in the esophagus, stomach lining and neutralize the stomach acids.
As per the Maryland Medical Center, it also helps to increase the mucus production in the gut and protects irritated tissues. (4)
- Stir 1-2 tablespoons of Slippery Elm root bark powder into a glass of water.
- Stir well and consume before going to bed.
- To improve its taste, you can add a little bit of honey.
Note: It is better to start with a small amount of powder until you get accustomed to it.
3. Baking Soda
Baking soda acts as a natural antacid, which neutralizes the stomach acid. It is one of the quickest ways to get relief from acid reflux and heart burn. Just 1 teaspoon of baking soda is enough to burning sensation, stomach gas, and gnawing.
- Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda into a glass of water.
- Mix it well and consume it.
- Repeat the process as needed. But make sure the baking soda dosage per day doesn’t exceed by 3 1/2 teaspoons.
Note: Avoid adding lemon juice into the mixture as it can increase stomach gas and worsen the problem.
4. Aloe Vera
As per recent studies, aloe vera gel is one of the safe and effective ways to reduce acid reflux symptoms without any side effects. (5) In some instances, aloe vera worked much better than other traditional medications. Researchers have proved that it is effective in balancing acid production, reduce swelling and other discomforts caused by acid reflux.
- Consume 1/2 cup aloe vera juice at room temperature.
- Repeat the consumption daily after meals.
Note: Aloe vera juice is a laxative so while buying it make sure to buy a product that has laxative component removed.
The soothing properties of chamomile reduce the inflammation, and balance out the acidity levels. It helps to reduce stress levels – one of the major triggers of acid reflux. (6)
- Bring 1 cup of water to boil and lower the heat.
- Add 1 teaspoon of dried chamomile petals and let it simmer for 45 seconds.
- Remove from the flame and let it steep for a minute.
- Strain, add lemon or honey into it and consume.
- The best time to drink chamomile tea is 1 hour before going to bed.
- Repeat the consumption daily for best results.
Ginger is one of the best natural ways to prevent acid reflux. Ginger contains anti-inflammatory properties which help to reduce swelling and irritation in mucus membranes. It helps to prevent stomach acid from flowing into the esophagus.
It speeds up the digestion process, pushes foods into the colon and prevents gas formation in stomach. (7) It can help to relax stomach muscles and reduce the acid reflux symptoms quickly. It also possesses the capability of strengthening the esophagus.
- Take 3 quarter sliced ginger root.
- Add it to 2 cups of water and simmer for 30 minutes.
- Strain and discard the ginger pieces.
- Consume it 20 minutes before meal.
Note: We recommend consuming at least 1 teaspoon of freshly grated ginger root per day. However, if you cannot find ginger or don’t like the taste, then you can avail the same benefits by taking 1,000mg ginger capsules or 1/4 teaspoon ginger powder.
7. Licorice Root
Due to its stomach healing properties, licorice root is highly effective in treating even the chronic acid reflux called GERD. (8) It also helps soothe the mucus membranes, protective lining of GI tract and reduce gastric spams.
- Add 1 ½ teaspoon of licorice root into a cup of water.
- Bring the mixture to boil and simmer for few minutes.
- Remove from the flame and strain it.
- Consume the tea while it is lukewarm.
- The best time to take it is 15 – 20 minutes before meals.
- Repeat the process 2 – 3 times in a day.
Note: For some people who are on medication, pregnant, breastfeeding or suffering from any chronic diseases, it is better to consult a doctor before its consumption.
Supplements: If you don’t like licorice tea consumption, then you take its supplements to get the benefits. We recommend taking chewable DGL tablets. Because it becomes more effective when mixed with saliva.
Recommended Dosage: Chew 2 tablets 20 minutes before meals, 3 times in a day. If you are suffering from acid reflux mostly during nights, then take it before going to bed.
The beneficial properties of fennel improve digestion and other discomforts caused by acid reflux or GERD. (9) The anethole present in fennel calms the spams caused by gas in GI tract. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties that help to reduce the swelling and soothe the irritated mucus membranes.
You can simply chew 1 ½ teaspoon of fennel seeds after each meal. Alternatively, you can follow the below process…
- Bring 1 cup of water to boil.
- Add 1 teaspoon of fennel seeds into it and simmer for 5 minutes.
- Remove from the flame and let it steep for few minutes.
- Strain and consume it while warm.
- Repeat the process 2 – 3 times in a day until you get relief.
Just like slippery elm, marshmallow contains soothing properties which help to get relief from discomforts caused by acid reflux. As it contains high in mucilage, it defends the protective lining of esophagus and stomach. (10)
- Into 1 quart of water, add 2 tablespoons of dried marshmallow root.
- Cover and leave it overnight.
- Next morning, strain and discard the root.
- Drink the solution slowly few times in a day until your condition improves.
Cumin seeds stimulate digestion and deal with digestive problems like stomach gas and acidity. (11) You can add it into your dishes or try the process below…
- Add 1 teaspoon of cumin seeds into a cup of water.
- Bring the mixture to boil and remove from the flame.
- Cover and let it steep for few minutes.
- Strain and consume the tea while lukewarm.
- Repeat the consumption after meals for few days continuously until you notice improvement.
As the many researches, ascorbic acid present in lemon protect stomach from damage like ulcers, GERD and others. If you are facing acid reflux due to more stomach acid then alkalizing benefits of lemon can help balance it. Because when lemon juice is mixed with water, it becomes alkaline.
- Add 1 tablespoon of fresh lemon juice into 8 ounces of water.
- Mix well and consume it 20 minutes before meal.
Note: Make sure to consume it through straw as the acidic properties of lemon juice can erode the tooth enamel.
12. Basil Leaves
As per mama herb.com, basil can help to soothe the stomach and esophageal lining. It speeds up the healing process, prevents the stomach content from crawling up into the esophagus. You can chew a few basil leaves before a meal or follow the below process…
- Steep 3 basil leaves in 6-8oz boiling water for 15 minutes.
- Strain the leaves and consume the tea.
Foods Beneficial for Treating Acid Reflux
A weak acid is present in it in the form of vinegar which helps to neutralize the acid which is crawling up the throat and causing heart burn. Consume 1 teaspoon plain yellow mustard straight before meals. Or else you can add it to your salads.
The beneficial properties present in cardamom helps to provide relief from stomach gas, improve digestion and reduce any discomforts caused by it. Steep cardamom pods in to water for 10 minutes. Strain and consume the drink 2 – 3 times in a day.
Consumption of apple before going to bed, helps to balance the stomach acid and eases the digestion process. Eat an apple before meals or particularly at night to prevent acid reflux. But avoid eating green apples as they are too acidic which may increase acid reflux in some people.
Clove contains compounds known as pinene, capsaicin and eugenol which help to improve digestion. Add a pinch of clove powder and 1 teaspoon of honey into small amount of water and drink it. Alternatively, you can chew few ground cloves after having meals.
Milk can temporarily buffer acid production and provide relief from acid reflux caused due to low stomach acid. It also helps to soothe the protective lining in the esophagus. Therefore, drink a glass full of fat free milk or almond milk to get rid of the problem.
For some people milk can actually worsen the problem due to its fat content. That is why we highly recommend taking fat free milk, almond milk, and soy milk for effective results.
Potatoes are alkaline in nature and help to lessen the acid levels in the stomach. Eating potatoes with meals will help to reduce the problem.
Banana is one of the best remedies to treat acid reflux because it is a natural antacid. It contains potassium which helps to reduce stomach acid levels and improve digestion. Eat a banana after each meal. You can add some sugar and cinnamon powder to enhance the taste.
Many researches have proved that probiotics treat hundreds of ailments including acid reflux. Probiotics contain live micro-organisms which neutralize the toxic compounds, kill the bad bacteria and improve digestive health.
Fermented milk, fermented vegetables, kefir, yogurt, natto, miso, fermented tofu, kimchi, sauerkraut are some of the foods rich in probiotics. We recommend taking any one of them regularly in your diet as they help to provide relief from acid reflux.
If you want to go with supplements, then look out for probiotic supplements which can maintain viability without any refrigeration.
Almonds are known to neutralize the stomach acids, prevent heart burn instances, soothe irritates membranes of esophagus. After having meal, eat 3 – 4 almonds. Avoid eating more than the recommended as excess consumption can worse the heartburn.
10. Papaya Leaf Tea
Papain, an enzyme present in papaya is one of the effective natural digestive enzyme. It helps to break down the proteins, carbohydrates, and other nutrients to improve digestion process. Papaya leaf extract is one of the best ways to achieve its benefits. Eat one cup of ripe papaya or sip a cup papaya leaf tea before going to bed.
Organic honey acts as a soothing agent, helps to adjust the body’s pH, and neutralizes the stomach acids. So, take a spoon full of honey before bed.
12. Indian Gooseberry
Gooseberries can heal the digestive tract and protect it against stomach acids. You can have them raw, in tea or in cooked form. However, it is better to use them in moderation.
Agrimony, also known as Stickwort or Cocklebur etc., helps to prevent acid reflux by removing unnecessary acids from the stomach and helps in easy digestion. It is very effective when consumed with milk.
Foods that Worsen or Trigger Acid Reflux
- Alcohol: For some people taking alcohol in moderation or small amounts make them feel relieved. But beer, wine, liquor are some of the worst culprits for acid reflux. While consuming alcohol make sure to take them in small quantities with more amounts of water.
- Caffeine: Tea, energy drinks, coffee and other drinks that contain caffeine can irritate the protective lining of esophagus and alter the working condition of sphincter.
- Processed and Packaged Foods: Foods that are packaged contain high amounts of salt, sodium and other chemical preservatives. As per a study conducted in Sweden on 1,000 people confirmed that – people who consumed high amount of sodium in their diet had high rates of acid reflux than who didn’t consume.
- Spicy Foods: Spices like pepper, chili, cayenne, and cinnamon are some of the spices that worsen the heart burn by irritating the membrane of esophagus and stomach. Instead of them, try to eat blander foods that contain fewer amounts of spicy foods.
- Dairy Products: This is not suitable for everyone as the reaction to dairy products is different from one person to another. For some people milk provides immense relief. But however for some it can worsen the problem because of the fat content present in it.
- Fried Foods: Our digestive system takes a long period of time to digest deep fried foods. As a result they can stay in the stomach for a long time which can worsen or trigger acid reflux.
- Vegetable Oils: Processed vegetable oils including canola oil are not good for health. A lot of packaged foods are often prepared using these oils which can trigger inflammation and acid reflux.
- Chocolate: As many chocolates contain caffeine, sugar, fats and processed ingredients, it is often considered one of the triggers for worst acid reflux.
- Carbonated Beverages: This includes sparkling water, alcohol, instant energy drinks, and other soft drinks are also one of the causes for chronic acid reflux.
- Vegetables: Onions, tomato, commercial tomato juices should be consumed in fewer quantities. If consumed in large amounts, it can trigger an acid reflux.
- Fruits: Citrus fruits and its juices are high in acid content this makes them the one of the triggers for worsening acid reflux.
- Mint and Peppermint: Mint and its products can worsen the acid reflux as they are capable of lowering pressure in esophageal sphincter.
- Reduce Salt: Studies conducted in Norway state that people who took salt rich diet in meal were more prone to acid reflux attacks. Reducing salt consumption is one of the simple solutions.
- Processed grains, creamy or oily salad dressings are some of the other foods that should be avoided while suffering from acid reflux.
Supplements for Treating and Preventing Acid Reflux
In addition to following natural remedies and making necessary dietary changes to soothe the GERD or acid reflux symptoms, it is equally important to take natural supplements to improve digestion and prevent acid reflux. Here are some of the supplements you should consider…
1. HCL with Pepsin
Low HCL levels in the stomach lead to improper digestion and this can lead to acid reflux. This supplement strengthen GI tract and improve digestion.
Recommended dosage – 650 milligrams after each meal.
2. Digestive Enzymes
If you are experiencing improper digestion, then these supplements can help to produce enzymes that digest the carbs and nutrients properly. This can gradually prevent digestion problems like acid reflux, heart burn, stomach gas and others.
Recommended Dosage – 1 or 2 capsules before each meal.
3. D-Limonene Extract
Citrus peel extract also known as d-limonene which provides a protective lining to esophagus and stomach. So, it can provide relief from the heart burn and discomforts caused by acid reflux.
As per a study, people were given 1 gram of d-limonene for 20 days on an empty stomach. They consumed it either 1/2 hour before eating or 1 hour after eating. After 2 weeks, 90% of them got complete relief from the problem. The results lasted for up to six months.
Recommended Dosage: 1 tablet 1 hour before or after meals.
As mentioned earlier, the good bacteria are very effective in balancing the GI tract and combat the bad bacteria that cause leaky gut, acid reflux, yeast infection and other.
Recommended Dosage: 25 – 50 billion units of probiotic supplement once per day before going to bed.
Several researches have proved that, L-Glutamine supplement is capable of healing leaky gut, IBS and ulcerative colitis. (12)
Recommended Dosage: 5 grams of glutamine powder 2 times in a day.
6. Magnesium Complex
Magnesium deficiency can lead to improper sphincter functioning and other discomforts of GERD. It is also very effective in treating heartburn. (13)
Recommended Dosage: 400 milligrams twice a day.
Studies indicate that people with fewer melatonin levels experience acid reflux frequently. As per a study, 50% of the people who were given melatonin for 12 weeks have seen a significant improvement in the symptoms. (14)
Recommended Dosage: 6 milligrams of melatonin once in the evening daily.
8. Calcium Nitrate
Take 250 mg of calcium nitrate powder and dissolve it in water. Drink this at least 4 times a day.
Risk Factors and Causes of Acid Reflux Symptoms
There are some repeat offenders and foods that can often lead to acid reflux. We have mentioned some common and repeated offenders below. Have a look at them…
- Pregnancy: During pregnancy, developing fetus can cause pressure on the LES which leads to acid release and other discomforts. Consuming herbal teas, smaller meals and slightly elevating head while sleeping can help.
- Hiatal Hernia: diaphragm is big dome shaped muscle that separates part of the stomach and other digestive organs. In the back part of the diaphragm, a small hole is connected to esophagus. A hiatal hernia takes place when the stomach bulges above the diaphragm which allows the acid to escape.
- Large Meals: Overly consumed stomach causes excessive pressure on the diaphragm that leads acid to travel upward. Consuming stomach full meals or snacks before going to bed is one of the reasons for acid reflux in the morning.
- Inflammation: Many studies have confirmed that GERD development is closely associated with inflammation as it can lead to dysfunction of esophagus and tissue damage.
- Older Age: As we age, our capability of producing enough stomach acid is decreases. This often flares up acid reflux, heartburn and other discomforts.
- Obesity: overweight puts extra pressure on LES, esophagus and sphincter which allows acid release. Apart from that GERD symptoms rise proportionately to low levels of stomach acid.
- H.Pylori: H.Pylori is very common infection in 1/3rd of population. Heartburn, acid reflux and other GERD symptoms are sometimes an indication of H.Pylori infection. It is left untreated, then it can lead to severe infections and sometimes lead to stomach cancer.
- Magnesium Deficiency: This can often lead to improper sphincter functioning which is responsible for preventing acid from escaping.
- Excessive Exercise: Due to getting a very small amount of rest and overtraining, a pressure builds up in the abdominal cavity. Aerobic high-impact and running can also lead to acid reflux.
Heartburn, Acid Reflux, and GERD: Are They Same?
All these three conditions are caused by digestive disorders and have similar symptoms. However, they develop in different stages.
Acid reflux is caused when acid or other contents in the stomach back flow into esophagus. When acid reflux becomes chronic, it turns into GERD. (15)
Heart burn is a common name of GERD. It is a symptom which refers to the burning pain in the chest. Apart from that, other symptoms of GERD include wheezing, chest pain, coughing, difficulty in swallowing and others. You can observe these symptoms mostly at night.
Mostly acid reflux is not a big deal if experiencing for few times in year. However, chronic or severe ones for a longer period of time can lead to serious complications.
Tips and Precaution for Acid Reflux
Here are few general tips and precautions you have to consider for preventing and treating acid reflux.
1. Chew Gum
Chewing gum would actually relieves your heartburn by neutralizing the acid in your esophagus. Apart from that, chewing gum stimulates production of saliva which may help to clear up the acid present in the esophagus.
2. Balance HCL (hydrochloric acid)
Increase in the natural production of HCL in the stomach is one of the initial steps to prevent acid reflux. It is better to use sea salt instead of table salt. You can also take HCL supplements for treating acid reflux.
3. Avoid Wearing Tight Fitting Clothes
Tight clothes can cause pressure in the chest and abdomen areas which leads to heartburn. Because it can create pressure on lower sphincter and the stomach contents will get pushed into the esophagus.
4. Adopt a Low-Carb Diet
Carbohydrate foods produce gas if they are not digested properly. The gas puts pressure on the abdominal area which leads acid spillage in the esophagus.
5. Ignore Your Chocolate Craving
Consuming lots of chocolate weakens your lower oesophageal sphincter and worsen the heartburn. It is therefore advised to cut its intake.
6. Elevate the Head While Sleeping
This may be attributed to the action of gravity. Elevating the head keeps the acid down in your stomach, relieving your symptoms.
7. Avoid sleeping within 3 hours of eating
Eating close to bedtime may worsen your acid reflux symptoms and make them stay longer. This is because acid production by our stomach increase after each meal and it does not wear off until 3 hours. If you go to bed while acid is still at peak levels in your stomach, some of it may reflux into your esophagus.
8. Do Not Sleep on Your Right Side
This might not be fully practical since you twist and turn between both sides when you sleep, but sleeping on your right side has been known to worsen symptoms of acid reflux.
The esophagus enters through the right side of the stomach, therefore if you sleep on that same side, it may seem as the stomach lifts up to fill the esophagus causing acid reflux.
If you sleep on your left side, you pull your stomach farther from the esophagus and avoid an acid reflux.
9. Avoid Lifting Weights
Right after eating or drinking something, it is better to avoid lifting heavy weights or bending over. It is better to wait for at least 1 or 2 hours after eating.
10. Stay Away from Stress and Anxiety
Stress and anxiety leads to hormonal imbalance in the body which can have direct impact on the digestion. So, do yoga and breathing exercises to reduce stress levels and anxiety.
Complications of Acid Reflux
Acid reflux may be overlooked by many, but if the symptoms recur and persist, the esophagus soaks up and gets irritated for a longer period leading to complications. The following are the complications of acid reflux:
This implies inflammation and damage of protective lining of esophagus. Persistent exposure of the esophagus to acids damage and trigger an inflammation. If you have esophagitis, you would find it very difficult and painful to swallow anything.
2. Esophageal Structure
For example, when your skin is nicked or cut, it heals with a scar, the same thing applies to esophagus when it has been exposed to acid for a long time. The inflamed esophagus then heals up with a scar which might be so huge that can cause both ends of the esophagus to close.
If you have been having acid reflux, and feeling difficult in gulping the food down your gullet, then you might be having an esophageal structure, which is often treated via surgery.
3. Barrett Esophagus
This is a term given to formation of pre-cancerous disease in the aspect of the esophagus exposed to the stomach acid. Prolonged and regular exposure of the esophagus to acid begins to alter the cell structure, changing them to pre-cancerous cells called Barrett Esophagus. This has the potential of becoming cancerous.
How Doctors cure acid reflux?
First, when you visit a doctor, he may ask you to tell about the symptoms you are facing and confirm whether it is acid reflux or other issue.
However, some doctors may prescribe certain investigations to know the severity of acid reflux and detect how far it has progressed. These investigations include:
1. Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
This is also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy! This procedure involves using an endoscope- a long tube with a camera at the end of it- to view the inner surfaces of esophagus, stomach, and upper part of your intestine, and the duodenum. The images seen are projected to a large screen so that you might also be able to see it.
2. Esophageal Manometry
This is a procedure done to check the pressures within your esophagus and the pressure in the upper and lower esophageal sphincters. With this procedure, your doctors can find out whether your lower esophageal sphincter is abnormally weak or not.
3. 24-hour pH monitoring
This test is the standard for diagnosing acid reflux. It involves using a small device which monitors the acidity levels of your esophagus for a 24-hour period. The results show the amounts of acid leaks into your esophagus.
Medicines Prescribed by Doctors for Acid reflux
Antacids are alkaline solutions which help to neutralize the acid in your esophagus and stomach. They provide symptomatic relief from your acid reflux symptoms. Examples of antacids include aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate, and magnesium oxide. You can get any of the antacids at your local pharmacy store without a prescription from your doctor.
2. Histamine-2 receptor blockers
Histamine-2 receptors are the binding proteins through which histamine stimulates the stomach to produce more acid. These drugs block histamine from binding to these receptors and prevent production of stomach acid.
Examples of these drugs include ranitidine, cimetidine, and famotidine. They can also be obtained without your doctor’s prescription. These drugs are the first line of drugs which your doctor would prescribe if your symptoms are mild or moderate. Common side effects of these drugs include abdominal pain, dizziness, vomiting, and nausea.
3. Proton-pump Inhibitors
Proton-pump inhibitors, as their names imply, inhibit proton pumps. These are protein structures which are involved in the generation of acid in our stomachs. Examples of these drugs include omeprazole, lansoprazole, and rabeprazole. They are the most powerful drugs used in treating acid reflux. You can get them without a prescription from your doctor.
Common side effects of these drugs include diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal pain, and constipation
When you have used these drugs, even employed the home remedies and nothing seems to work, your doctors would advise you on surgery. Additionally, surgery is recommended if you have developed Barrett esophagus or if the symptoms move from the esophagus to other areas causing cough, wheeze, sore throat, and tooth decay.
The surgery is called Fundoplication and it involves wrapping the part of your stomach close to the lower esophageal sphincter creating a new valve.
Acid reflux refers to a condition stomach contents leak into the esophagus causing pain beneath your breastbone. This pain is referred as heartburn. Factors which lead to acid reflux include intake of caffeinated beverages, alcohol, citrus juice, tomatoes, and chocolate.
You can reduce the discomfort you get from acid reflux by using some home remedies which are as effective as some anti-reflux drugs. Your doctor would only give you these drugs if your home remedies have not been so effective. If both prove ineffective, your doctor would recommend surgery.
What has your experience been with acid reflux? What remedies helped you resolve the symptoms? Share with us and you can also ask queries in the comment section. We will answer them as soon as possible.