In the life of every woman there comes a time when problems with the reproductive system appear. This period is called menopause and is associated with the lack of female hormones, which causes an unpleasant condition for a woman. Of course, menopause cannot be avoided, but if you know what hormonal drugs are suitable for you to take, you can not only get rid of hot flashes and emotional instability, but also prevent many diseases.
Hormonal drugs can be taken under the strict supervision of a doctor only. However, it is recommended to check the nature of hormone replacement therapy, study the list of possible drugs, and get acquainted with positive and negative aspects of HRT (hormone replacement therapy). On top of that, check where to buy hormone drugs you need at a good price.
Hormone imbalance in women is more complex and multifaceted than in men. Thus, if a man needs only testosterone to be substituted, the level of estrogens, progesterone, testosterone, and sometimes thyroxine is to be normalized in women. With HRT, lower doses of hormones are used than in hormonal contraceptive preparations, and the latter do not have contraceptive properties.
Why Should a Woman Take Hormones at the Time of Menopause?
The change in the endocrine profile is reflected in the performance of the whole organism, which experiences peculiar stress. To help your body painlessly rebuild and enter a new life stage, you should start taking hormonal medications. Some of the effects of HRT are the following:
- Mental state improvement – Panic attacks are resolved; mood and sleep are stabilized.
- Bladder problems elimination – Hormonal drugs have a positive effect on the mucous membrane of the urinary tract.
- Block of calcium loss – Thinning of the bone tissue stops, thereby preventing the occurrence of osteoporosis.
- Female libido increase – During menopause, sexual desire often disappears, and hormonal medicine prolongs the female sex life.
- Lipid metabolism improvement – The main advantage in this matter is a decrease in the level of cholesterol in the blood. As a result, the vessels remain strong, which reduces the risk of atherosclerosis.
- Protection against vaginal discomfort – Hormones stimulate blood circulation, so the woman does not suffer from a feeling of dryness.
- Hot flashes removal – The woman no longer experiences such discomfort as it was before HRT.
It can be concluded that correctly selected hormonal therapy effectively combats the unpleasant consequences of menopause and prevents the development of serious diseases.
What Are the Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy?
There are two types of HRT:
- Long-term – The medication is meant for two – four years, but in some situations, the use of hormonal drugs in menopause can last up to ten years. Long-term HRT is prescribed in cases when serious changes in the body and climacteric disorders are observed.
- Short-term – The therapy is intended for one – two years. It is prescribed to treat symptoms of menopause, with no pathological changes and special depressive conditions being observed.
The Main Indications for HRT
Hormonal therapy is prescribed in the following situations:
- artificial menopause (removal of the uterus, chemotherapy, radiation, etc.);
- early menopause (up to 40-45 years);
- severe menopause;
- the development of diseases associated with a lack of hormones;
- the patient's desire to improve the quality of her life during menopause.
Any treatment with hormones is prescribed only after a complex diagnosis of the body since hormonal drugs have some contraindications, which makes it impossible to use HRT for some women.
Contraindications to HRT
The climacteric syndrome is experienced by each woman differently, but there is a list of contraindications:
- Oncological diseases of reproductive system organs and mammary glands, including already cured cancer;
- Uterine bleeding and other disorders in its work;
- High probability of thrombus formation;
- Problems with the liver;
- Intolerance to hormonal drugs;
- The presence of autoimmune pathologies.
This list can be extended by your doctor, who is familiar with the patient's chart of yours. With such pathologies and diseases, hormone-based drugs are not recommended to take.
Possible Side-Effects of HRT
Female body is very sensitive to changes in the period hormonal therapy. Therefore, after using HRT, a woman can experience not only internal discomfort but also suffer from side-effects of hormone replacement therapy:
- the occurrence of mastopathy;
- increased risk of breast cancer;
- problematic menstrual cycle;
- an absence of ovulation;
- increased fatigue;
- psychological instability;
- risk of uterine bleeding;
- excess weight.
According to doctors, it can be concluded that properly selected hormonal therapy virtually eliminates any side-effects. Therefore, before starting HRT, you need to undergo a test and, together with your doctor, choose the right drugs for your body.